What is Wool? Characteristics & Care

What is Wool? Characteristics & Care



Wool is best known in the world of fashion for its warmth and comfort. From the soft, chunky knit sweater to classic woolen coats, wool garments offer a blend of luxury, functionality, and sustainability that few materials can match. This article will detail the key characteristics of wool that make it an ideal choice for clothing, followed by guidance on caring and preserving your wool garments.

The Characteristics of Wool

Natural Insulation

Wool's most renowned attribute is its ability to provide warmth. Thanks to the natural crimp in wool fibres, they form tiny air pockets that trap heat, affording natural insulation. This makes wool garments exceptionally warm, yet breathable, maintaining a comfortable body temperature regardless of the weather.

Moisture Wicking and Breathability

Unlike some synthetic fibres that can leave you feeling clammy and uncomfortable, wool has the ability to absorb moisture from the skin and release it into the air. This moisture-wicking property, combined with its breathability, ensures that wool garments keep you dry and comfortable, making them perfect for both winter and milder seasons.

Durability and Elasticity

Wool fibres are naturally strong and stretchy, which means wool garments are not only durable but also resistant to wrinkles and sagging. This elasticity allows wool clothing to retain its shape and freshness, even after years of wear, offering long-lasting appeal and functionality.

Eco-Friendly and Sustainable

In an age where environmental concerns are paramount, wool stands out for its sustainability. As a natural, renewable fiber obtained from sheep, wool is biodegradable and has a much lower environmental impact compared to many synthetic materials.

Caring for Wool Garments: A Guide

Washing with Care

Wool requires gentle handling during cleaning. Hand wash your wool garments in lukewarm water with a mild detergent specifically designed for wool. Avoid twisting or wringing the fabric; instead, gently squeeze out excess water. For machine washable wool, use the delicate cycle and place the item in a mesh laundry bag for extra protection.

Drying Techniques

Never tumble dry wool garments, as high heat can cause shrinkage and damage. After washing, gently press out any excess water with a towel, then reshape the garment and lay it flat on a dry towel to air dry. Avoid hanging wool garments, as they can stretch out of shape.

Storage Solutions

To maintain the integrity of wool clothing, store it properly during off-seasons. Clean garments before storage to deter pests, and fold them with acid-free tissue paper to prevent creasing. Store wool in breathable cotton bags or boxes, away from direct sunlight and moisture.

Pilling Prevention

Pilling can occur with natural wear, but it can be minimized with proper care and handling. Use a wool comb or a pilling remover to gently remove any pills, keeping your wool garments looking pristine.

Professional Care

For wool items that are delicate or structurally complex, professional dry cleaning may be the best option. This ensures the garment is treated with the utmost care, preserving its quality and extending its life.


This article has hopefully educated you more on the key characteristics of wool, and how to care for your wool garments. If you want to look at some of our best woollen clothing, be sure to check out our range of knitwear.